17 de novembro de 2011
The shango cult in Trinidad. Caribbean monograph series. Simpson, George Eaton The Shango cult in Trinidad. Institute of Caribbean Studies, University of Puerto Rico 1965
The shango cult in Trinidad.
Caribbean monograph series.
George Eaton Simpson
The Shango cult in Trinidad.
Institute of Caribbean Studies, University of Puerto Rico
bom estado de conservação, escasso, não perca, saiba mias... com 140p. com ilustrações.
The bilief system of Shango;
ritual and ceremonies.
Healing and Conjuring.
Cult organization and community attitudes toward Shango
acculturation Shango cult Trinidad Shango
George Simpson develops further his long-term interest in acculturation in Afro religions of the Caribbean.
Building upon his earlier studies of Jamaican and Haitian cults and bringing in materials from Cuba, Brazil, and other areas as well, he draws many more comparisons than he was able to in previous works.
His emphasis centers on the similarities and differences between Trinidadian Shango and its antecedents in the Yoruba religion of southern Nigeria.
Comparisons with other Caribbean cults deal mostly with specific beliefs and ritual patterns.
Although Simpson is concerned with the process of acculturation, his monograph remains heavily descriptive and analytical, giving only minor attention to the historical development of the cult and to its cultural context.
It includes extensive and detailed information on such items as the various gods, or “powers,” and their characteristics, behavior during possession, ceremonial paraphernalia and ritual actions, beliefs in demons, taboos, medical ideas and practices, conjuring, and cult organization.
This emphasis on the presentation of primary data, while useful to the specialist, does
not give the general reader a picture of any systematic whole-of an integrated cult
with a definite world view operating in terms of a largcr culture. The inclusion of many
miscellaneous beliels, curing materials and practices, and magical rituals which are not
part of the cult but general in lower-class Trinidadian culture does not help in this
The main difficulty seems to be one of tracing the relationships between Shango and other institutions.
Probably the most interesting and valuable sections of the monograph are those which compare Shango patterns with those of other Caribbean cults.
This reviewer was particularly impressed with the discussion of possession, its various expressions, and the relationships between trance behavior and personality characteristics.
Also, Simpson’s interpretations of the acculturative process in Trinidadian Shango contain many interesting and provocative hypotheses and theoretical comments.
The analysis of acculturation follows Herskovits’ scheme of tracing African retentions, Afro-European syncretisms, and reinterpretations of African and European forms, but Simpson goes
further, applying functionalist theory to interpret and explain these survivals and changes...
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